During the coronation of Napoleon in 1804, he went against the tradition and crowned himself instead of having the Pope put the crown on his head. He wanted to symbolise he is becoming the emperor on his own merits and not by the will of God.
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His coronation took place at the Cathedral of Notre-Dame in Paris with pomp and splendour.
A few months later, on May 26, 1805, Napoleon crowned himself once again with an iron circlet. This symbolised his rule over all of Italy.
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